If you’re an adult, chances are you’ve suffered from sinusitis at one point in your life even if you’ve never been diagnosed. Sinusitis is an inflammation of the sinuses, which are the membranes that ensure the well-functioning of your nasal passages by producing mucus. Let look at what sinusitis is, the symptoms and how you can treat it.
While there are multiple types of sinuses in the body, sinusitis affects the intranasal sinuses directly. The inflammation can be caused by a variety of things. It could be caused by bacteria, fungi, allergies, viruses or by an autoimmune reaction in some cases.
When the sinuses become inflamed and mucus starts congesting your intranasal passages, then you’re dealing with sinusitis. Many doctors will also call the condition rhinosinusitis, since it will usually be accompanied by a form of nose inflammation commonly referred to as rhinitis.
The symptoms may vary depending on a variety of conditions, like the severity and length of the infection for instance. Symptoms will usually include an inability to smell, blocked nasal passages, facial pressure and pain and coughing accompanied with a thick green or yellowish nasal discharge. In some severe case, patients will experience bouts of fever, tiredness, halitosis, toothache, and headaches.
You should also note that the condition can be both chronic or acute. If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above for more than 3 months, then you may be suffering from chronic sinusitis.
Treatment will depend on which type of sinusitis you’re suffering from. If you’re suffering from subacute or acute sinusitis, then something as simple as a nasal spray may be enough. It could either be medicated or just a saline condition. And in most cases, no treatment will be needed for acute sinusitis.
However, if you’re experiencing strong headaches that can’t be resolved with OTC drugs, swelling around your eyes and visual disturbances, or your symptoms continue for more than 10 days or even after taking antibiotics, then you should consider seeing a professional.
If you’re suffering from chronic sinusitis, then antibiotics won’t work since it usually isn’t caused by bacteria. However, it might be caused by a fungal infection. In these cases, antifungal drugs might be prescribed. You might be prescribed with a corticosteroid spray to treat recurrent cases. And if you’re suffering from allergic sinusitis, you can treat the condition by either taking shots or cutting exposure to allergens.
If you think you might be suffering from chronic or acute sinusitis and have been suffering symptoms for more than 10 days, then it would be wise to seek professional help. Contact us today to schedule an appointment with the best allergist in New York.
Sinusitis is a medical condition in which the tissue lining in the paranasal sinuses – cavities surrounding nasal passages – become inflamed and swollen. If the condition lasts for more than eight weeks, despite treatments, it is called chronic sinusitis. Chronic sinusitis can be caused by a number of different factors including allergens, infections, and growths inside the sinuses. The condition is treatable, and is not life threatening, although it may lead to further complications which present a more severe health-threat, such as meningitis and aneurisms. When starting to experience the symptoms, it would be a good idea to visit a doctor.
There are a number of causes of chronic sinusitis:
Tissue growths inside the sinuses, such as nasal polyps Inflammations that follow some allergies, such as hay fever, can be a cause of chronic sinusitis. A number of other things that block or obstruct nasal passages, such as deviations and polyps, can also cause chronic sinusitis. Infections caused by viruses,
bacteria and fungi are also among the possible causes of chronic sinusitis. A visit to the doctor for sinus infections is required to determine the exact cause and treat it.
Where the sinuses are located. With chronic sinusitis, the nasal passages can become blocked, which causes difficulties with breathing through the nose. The inflammation may cause tenderness and swelling, which can be felt in the area where the sinuses are located – the forehead, nose, cheeks and around the eyes.
Other symptoms, though not as common, can also be present:
When any of these symptoms is combined with a change in vision, stiff neck, shortness of breath, and a swollen forehead, immediate medical attention should be sought. These are the signs of a serious infection which may lead to severe complications.
The treatment options for chronic sinusitis usually deal with the symptoms and the causes separately.
The symptoms are treated by:
Over-the-counter pain relievers Nasal irrigation is used to rinse the nasal passage. Corticosteroids are delivered by nasal sprays, unless in the more severe cases, when they are delivered orally or by injections. Decongestants are used to ease breathing through the nose, but they can only be used for a few days. Depending on the cause of chronic sinusitis, a doctor may recommend antibiotics, immunotherapy, or even endoscopic surgery.
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