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While there’s no cure for allergies, you can alleviate symptoms. Prevention is easier when you know which allergens you are allergic to. You should try various methods and techniques to avoid any contact with allergens. For instance, if you are allergic to insect stings, cover all the windows and doors and avoid walking barefoot in your backyard or front lawn.
You can also take medications for allergies. However, if you take too much medication, you may develop an allergic reaction to them. Immunologists will help you in finding the best medication, depending on your allergy and condition. You can also follow disease-modifying treatments. Talk to an immunologist about immunotherapy, and they will help you understand the procedure. These therapies cannot cure your condition but will provide relief and reduce the sensitivity against allergens you are allergic to.
Your body’s immune system creates antibodies to protect you from harmful substances. To eliminate threats and foreign particles, the body generates IgE or Immunoglobulin E. This chemical messenger signals to cells that they need defenses against the threat. If you are allergic to environmental allergens such as dander or pollen, you might have more IgE levels. Even food allergies can cause a high level of IgE.
After some time of exposure, your immune system develops a memory of the allergen. This can be helpful in many conditions, such as responding quickly. Your medication works due to this response. However, when you are allergic to an allergen, the response increases, and your immune system overreacts. This will cause allergic symptoms such as coughing, sneezing, and a runny nose. For every allergen, there’s a specific type of IgE. That is why we are prone to more than one allergen.
When your immune system overreacts to allergens such as pet dander or peanut butter, it makes specific IgE, such as peanut IgE or dander IgE. Then, your immune system memorizes that allergen for future attacks—the IgEs link to mast cells. Then, the mast cells release histamine whenever an allergen enters your body, which causes your body to overreact. Hence, responses to allergens become a part of your immune system. The more you react with the allergen, the stronger the response gets. That is why it is impossible to change this process of the immune system.
Below, you will find some treatments for allergies:
An immunologist will recommend this technique if they are not aware of allergens you are allergic to or your condition is severe. They will inject shots of adrenalin of other allergen extraction methods. Furthermore, they might also recommend pills that you need to place under your tongue.
Immunologists plan your medication to reduce the symptoms of your allergy. This will help you prevent your immune system from overreacting. An immunologist might provide eye drops, nasal sprays, liquid suspensions, or pills. Usually, pollen allergies require these types of treatments.
This is the best preventative method for allergic reactions. In this method, immunologists will determine the substance you are allergic to. Then, they will develop strategies to avoid the reaction. This method can drastically reduce the occurrence of symptoms.
When your condition is serious, you need to keep injections of adrenaline along with you. So whenever a triggering substance triggers your allergy, you can inject the shots to instantly alleviate symptoms.
Many allergy symptoms improve through various adjustments you can follow at home.
When the reason for your allergy is humidity, you can install ventilation fans in your washroom to keep the damp locations dry. Furthermore, you can fix leakages in your house to keep humidity levels low.
You need to keep your home clean from pet dander and dust mites. Wash the toys and beds with hot water, and vacuum your home regularly, especially when you have carpet. Remember, carpets can store large amounts of mites and dander.
You need to rinse your sinuses with water and salt solution. This will improve your nasal irrigation. People use net bottles when they experience allergies from infection.
You cannot completely treat your allergies, but an immunologist can help identify the allergen and design ways to avoid it. This will not only protect you from overreacting but also increase the chances of recovering from your allergy. However, recovery is very rare.
Are you looking for an immunologist? Dr. Boyan Hadjiev is one of the best immunologists in New York City. He is capable of diagnosing and managing your allergies with expertise. To make an appointment, call us at 212-319-5282 to schedule an appointment at our offices. You can also consult with our experts through telemedicine from anywhere on the globe.
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