What are the causes of allergic reactions on your skin? The body has a complex immune system. When the immune system works fine, the cells responsible for immunity will defend you from toxic substances and alert you about the threat. However, when your body’s immune system doesn’t work correctly due to a disease or in normal condition, your immune cells will consider certain substances to be a threat and initiate a reaction. These substances are allergens.
You may react to allergens by consuming, touching, or breathing certain substances, leading to reactions on the skin. According to AAAAI or American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, 50 million people suffer from one or another allergic condition in the US. An immunologist can use triggering allergens to test how you react to various substances. They will inject allergens in your body to see a reaction. Then, they diagnose you with an allergy. Furthermore, they also use various allergens for treatment.
Our body’s skin acts as a defense mechanism and keeps any threats from entering the body. Human skin contains various special cells that provide immunity and protect the skin and the body from viruses, bacteria, and other dangerous pathogens.
When our skin detects an unknown substance that might cause a threat, they react and inflame the infected area. This inflammation is dermatitis or a rash, which can lead to itching and sore.
The reaction depends on the immune cells, the substance, and how they react to something. Sometimes, your infection or health condition leads to allergies. Rashes can be of various types. You may experience irritation, patches or blisters, redness or pain in the infected area. Itchiness can be of various types. It may occur in a specific region or all over the body and can be a symptom of various conditions. Here are some causes of allergic reactions:
Various items have nickel construction, such as cutlery and jewelry. Nonetheless, many people experience an allergic reaction to this material. When they come into contact with the material, their skin starts to rash and turn red and itchy. You are prone to this allergy if you work as a house cleaner, caterer, retail clerk, hairstylist, or your tasks include interacting with various metal items.
This allergy is non-treatable. Of course, you need to avoid any contact with this material if you know or experience any reaction towards it. If you want to wear nickel-based accessories, add a layer of nail paint to create a barrier between your skin and nickel, avoiding direct interactions.
Oil from these plants is very reactive to the skin. The leaves release the oil, urushiol when they suffer from bruising or damage. When your skin comes in contact with the oil, it initiates an allergic reaction by turning itchy and red. Urushiol will cause blisters, bumps, and rashes. You can treat the reaction in various ways. For instance, you can apply a wet cloth, oatmeal bath, hydrocortisone cream, and calamine lotion. However, you should visit the immunologist immediately before the condition gets worse.
You may have noticed that after taking various medications, you experience itchy skin and rashes all over your body. Itchiness and rashes are a result of skin allergic reactions. Some ointments can lead to symptoms like itchiness as well. The allergic reaction indicates that the ingredients are not suitable for your skin type or your allergic condition. Hence, you need to consult an immunologist to determine what items and materials you are allergic to.
Fragrances are the main components of deodorant, cologne, and perfume. You use such products to conceal unpleasant smells. You can also find this product in soaps and other skincare products. You may find difficulty choosing a product when you have a fragrance allergy, as most products do not include fragrance as an ingredient. Companies even add a small quantity of fragrance in unscented products. Physical therapists and massage therapists are more likely to develop skin allergy to fragrance as they consistently use products containing fragrance.
Various ingredients in beauty products are reactive to your skin. Two examples are formaldehydeparabens and releaser. Although these products make the product long-lasting, your skin may be reactive to these products. These products usually present in the following items with the names quaternion-15, PABA, isothiazolinone, Diazolidinyl urea, bromonitropropane:
Before buying products, always check the ingredients. If you are not allergic to these types of preservatives, you can rely on these products naturally.
Allergists & immunologists have education and practice in handling conditions related to the immune system, such as allergic reactions. They can diagnose you and check for which items trigger an immune response and lead to skin reactions.
Are you looking for a top immunologist in New York City? If so, give us a call at 212-319-5282. Visit Dr. Boyan Hadjiev, better known as Dr. Sneeze, for a consultation on treating & controlling the allergic reaction on your skin.
Boyan Hadjiev, MD
30 East 40th Street
New York, NY 10016
Allergies are commonplace in modern society. In fact, in some cases, the numbers are actually increasing annually. The allergies are of different types – although all are a form of autoimmune system response. Some such as food allergies are very common; others such as allergic reactions to latex are not. Yet, while the risk for latex is not high, it is still affects approximately 1% of Americans.
Latex is the sap of the Brazilian rubber tree. The actual proteins in the sap can trigger an allergic response. In addition, the chemicals added to the latex can work with the proteins to create symptoms. As a form of contact dermatitis, latex allergy displays certain symptoms.
Some people may feel tightness in the chest as well as wheezing and difficulty in breathing. Like other forms of allergies, a latex allergy can induce anaphylaxis. This response may or may not be immediate. Unlike many allergies, the initial response is not always immediate. A latex allergy usually develops following ongoing exposure to various latex products.
Latex is a major or sole contributor to the basis of many different products. These include:
If you handle these objects repeatedly, you may become allergic displaying certain indicatory symptoms. However, in some instances, if the latex particles become airborne, they can trigger an allergic response.
You are at if you work in certain occupations where exposure is constant and consistent. These include, of course, various health care providers including personal care workers, nurses, doctors, surgeons, emergency responders and those with similar jobs. In fact, statistics indicate that between 8 and 12 percent of all American health care workers will actually get a latex allergy.
You may also be at high risk for latex allergies if you work in the sectors manufacturing latex or latex products. In some ways, this can be more dangerous for someone who has developed an allergy to the material. In this type of working environment, the particles of latex may become float in the air. In certain circumstances, they can enter the actual lungs of an individual with allergies and cause a reaction.
Allergic contact dermatitis is a skin condition that appears in people who are hypersensitive to certain substances. When these people come in contact with those substances, an allergic reaction appears on their skin. The initial contact with a substance that is an allergen is not usually followed by a break-out of symptoms; the symptoms appear on the second and subsequent exposures. After the contact, the immune system overreacts in its response to what is perceived to be an attack.
With the allergic process, a number of chemicals are released, including histamines, which cause an inflammation. Allergic contact dermatitis is not a life-threatening condition, however, a visit to an allergy doctor may be needed to determine the allergen and get advice on the treatment.
Allergic contact dermatitis can be caused by coming in contact with a number of allergens, some of which are:
Symptoms of allergic contact dermatitis include:
Allergic dermatitis symptoms usually appear sometime after coming into contact with the allergen. The area that came into contact with the allergen is usually the area where the symptoms appear and they usually start off with an itchy rash, this may ooze or drain. The skin on the area may become scaly. Sometimes it will only be a little red or it can be blistery. The area can swell and feel warm.
Allergic contact dermatitis is an incurable condition. After the first exposure to the allergen, the person will have an allergic reaction after every subsequent contact for the rest of their life. The treatment options are aimed at managing the symptoms. An allergist may prescribe the following courses of treatment:
The mildest cases of allergic contact dermatitis usually don’t require any medical treatment. The area should be gently wiped with a damp cloth to make sure all of the allergen is removed from the skin. Topical corticosteroids are used to reduce inflammation in mild to moderate cases, but they should be applied with caution because of their side-effects. Severe cases require steroid and antihistamines to be introduced orally.
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