The 5 Most Common Types of Allergies

Approximately 50 million Americans are allergic to something – be it peanuts, pollen, or animal dander. However, not all allergies are same by nature; their symptoms differ depending on the allergen, the seriousness of the immune response, and the way the allergen comes in contact with the body.

Here is a rundown of 5 most common allergies.

1. Asthma

Asthma is characterized by the soreness of air passages, which eventually results in breathing problems associated to the shrinking of the bronchial tubes, which limits air passage into the lungs. It is triggered by a variety of indoor and outdoor allergens and can cause chest tightness, coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath.

2. Eczema

Allergic eczema or atopic dermatitis is an allergic reaction to a bacterium that thrives on the skin. This condition is lifelong and is often found in people who are hypersensitive to a variety of skin problems. Symptoms include dry, chapped skin appearing on inflamed, red areas; severe itchiness, and a burning feeling.

3. Skin contact allergy

Also referred to as contact dermatitis, this health complication is an allergic reaction caused by direct exposure to an allergen that creates inflammation ranging from redness to open sores. Common triggers are alkaline and acid materials, including detergents and soaps; adhesives, solvents, and other industrial chemicals; oak, poison ivy or sumac; nickel and other materials used to create jewelry; topical medication, including anesthetics and antibiotics; cosmetics or perfumes; fabrics like wool and clothing made out of such fabrics.

4.  Food Allergies

These are a blanket of allergies that are basically termed as food intolerance. There are various kinds of food allergies that are commonly triggered by specific foods, including milk, nuts, fish, wheat, shellfish, and soy. Symptoms include vomiting, rash, coughing, diarrhea, weak pulse, hoarse throat, dizziness, shortness of breath, facial swelling, wheezing, hives, etc.

5. Allergic Rhinitis

This sort of allergy is characterized by the inflammation of the nasal passages, and affects 1 in every 5 individuals in the US, making it one of the most frequently prevailing health disorders. Food allergies trigger a rather complex cascade of symptoms that include nasal itching and congestion, watery eyes, sneezing, a stuffy nose, post nasal drip, and rhinorrhea or a runny nose.

Like asthma, allergic rhinitis is also caused by a variety of indoor and outdoor allergens and can be divided into two groups: seasonal and perennial. Seasonal allergic rhinitis is also referred to as hay fever and is an aftermath of the seasonal pollen discharge. Perennial allergic rhinitis is a year-round allergy caused by the exposure to allergens like molds, pet dander, dust and dust mites.

If you happen to be experiencing any of the above allergies that may be impacting the quality of your life, it is suggested that you see a reputable allergist right away. Don’t waste time, and contact us today for we will schedule your appointment with the best allergist in New York!

Call our offices at 212-319-5282 to schedule an appointment with the best allergist in New York City.

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