Treating Allergic Reactions to Insect Stings

allergiesIf you think allergies to insect stings are uncommon, you should think again. 2 million Americans are allergic to insect stings with approximately 50 deaths in a year occurring due to this reason. The most common insects that trigger an allergy if they bite you include hornets, yellow jackets, bees, fire ants, and wasps.
It is important to note that not everyone suffers from allergy due to an insect sting and it could also be a normal skin reaction to a sting that you mistake for an allergic reaction. But once you know you suffer from an insect sting allergy, you will be in a better position to protect yourself.

Symptoms of an Insect Sting

A mild allergic reaction to insect stings has the following symptoms:

Redness or pain in the area
Spotting that looks like pimples
Swelling and itching

Meanwhile, a severe allergic reaction to insect stings is called an anaphylactic reaction and it may cause:

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Swelling in the throat, face or mouth tissue
  • Appearance of red itchy rashes on areas other than where the insect stung
  • Anxiety and restlessness
  • Dizziness

Extreme reactions are uncommon, but can also lead to unconsciousness, cardiac arrest or shock. This kind of reaction is fatal and treatment should be sought as soon as possible.

Treatment

An allergic reaction to an insect sting can be treated in various ways depending on the severity. If there is swelling, an ice pack can be used on the affected area to subside it. Some over the counter medications are also effective if there is itching but pregnant women should first consult an allergist before taking any over the counter medicine for an allergic reaction to an insect sting.

If an insect bites you on the hand, the first thing to do is to remove any rings that you may be wearing. In case of a bee sting, the stinger must be removed as soon as possible, which stops the venom from spreading further. More severe allergic reactions are treated with an adrenaline known as apinephrine, which is administered by a doctor or can be self injected. This injection stops a severe reaction from spreading.

Prevention Tips

  • Avoid going in an area where there are insect nests.
  • Be fully covered when you step outside
  • Avoid bright colors or perfumes, which tend to attract insects.
  • Install insect screens at home

Uallergiesse an insecticide to spray it on garbage cans and avoid growing insect attracting plants.
Should you or a loved one suffer from an allergic reaction to an insect sting, make sure you consult an allergist to avoid a severe problem. For more information or to book an appointment with one of the leading NYC allergist, contact us today at 212-319-5282.

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