Have you wondered what immunologists are and do? Immunology involves studying the immune system and its process of protecting the body from various infections and viruses. The immune system provides essential defensive capabilities. An active immune system functions automatically and eliminates any external element that is a threat to the body. If your immune system doesn’t work properly, you are prone to various diseases. Scientists and immunologists research how our body mechanisms protect us from new diseases and how you can improve your immune system.
Immunologists help diagnose and treat allergies and other diseases related to the immune system. When your immune system overreacts or doesn’t work properly, an immunologist can help you maintain the system.
If you are suffering from allergies, you need to consider visiting and consulting an immunologist. Allergies occur when your immune system reacts to substances that are not harmful, thinking that they’re a threat.
The immune system provides protection from various pathogens and harmful substances that can cause a disease or allergy. Some of the most common pathogens that the immune system provides protection against include viruses and bacteria, which can cause infections. The immune system involves cellular and molecular activities. Your body contains two types of immunity. The first is innate immunity, which is the first line of defense, and adaptive immunity, which is the second line of defense.
Below, you will find some conditions related to the immune system that Immunologist can treat:
In this condition, you may experience an allergic reaction affecting your airways and nose. Allergic Rhinitis will cause inflammation to the regions of your body that are part of the breathing process. Another name for this condition is hay fever, which is a common condition. The symptoms of this condition also include sneezing, itchy or stuffy nose, etc. This occurs when your body overreacts to an allergen.
When you are in contact with allergens in this condition, you will experience inflammation around your eyes. You will feel itching, redness, tearing, and swelling of the eyes. Another name for the condition is a pink eye, and it is the result of a bacteria or a virus.
Asthma is a chronic condition and can be fatal. In this condition, you may find it difficult to breathe. In this condition, your airway swells and produces excessive amounts of mucus. The narrow airways lead to impossible or difficulty in breathing. You will also experience a whistling sound, triggering cough and tightness of the chest.
This is another condition related to a breathing disorder. This condition is also fatal, and other symptoms include vomiting and low blood pressure. Stings from various insects, foods, latex, and medications can cause Anaphylaxis. Many people are also allergic to peanut butter and berries. After encountering these allergens, your immune system will release large amounts of chemicals that lead to a shock. To minimize the symptoms, doctors prescribe Injectable epinephrine to people with allergies. Whenever they encounter the allergen, they use the epi-pen to avoid symptoms.
With this allergic reaction, you may experience itchy and red skin with rashes. Sometimes, this condition can lead to hay fever or asthma. Moreover, medical professionals and researchers have yet to develop a cure for this condition. This eczema-type condition usually affects children, and its triggers include food and environmental conditions. This is a chronic condition, and the reaction can grow worse over time. Other symptoms of atopic dermatitis are sweating, a rise in body temperature, stress, and irritation. Various treatments and avoiding allergic substances can lower the risk of developing such a condition.
People also know this allergic condition as hives. This occurs when your body comes into contact with medication or food allergens. Your skin will turn red and itchy. You may also develop welts through various environmental allergens. Chronic urticarial will remain for around six weeks.
This is a chronic disorder of the immune system. In this condition, white blood cells build up in your food pipe or esophagus, causing tissue damage and chronic inflammation.
An immunologist can treat, manage, and diagnose all the above-mentioned conditions. Besides, they can help with your allergic reactions and other immunodeficiency conditions as well. Immunologists also develop new treatments and tests to help your immune system work normally by combining their academic research and clinical experience. They are also involved in research and analysis other than treating conditions related to the immune system.
If you are suffering from an immune system related condition, or are experiencing any of the symptoms of the above-mentioned conditions, visit our clinic.
Allergy specialist Dr. Boyan Hadjiev will diagnose your condition and devise a treatment plan. His extensive experience and understanding of the field allows him to offer the best suited treatments.
Immunotherapy is also known as biological therapy. This therapy helps your immune system fight cancer. Your immune system and lymph system’s tissues and organs are made up of white blood cells. They help your body fight off diseases. Immunotherapy increases the strength of the immune system to eliminate cancer. It boosts white cells ability to attack cancer cells.
Doctors and researchers have approved various immunotherapy drugs and prescribe them according to the patient’s type of cancer. If your doctor is suggesting immunotherapy for you, you should discuss many things before opting for it
This therapy takes up many forms, such as targeting antibodies, tumor-infecting viruses, cancer vaccines, adoptive cell transfer, and cytokines. Immunotherapy uses various substances from living organisms or laboratory-made formulas to fight and control cancer.
Immunotherapy treatment adopts various techniques like genetic engineering and gene therapies. Medical professionals can combine this technique with surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, or targeted therapies to improve their results. A patient’s body undergoes different situations during immunotherapy. Immunotherapy works in the following ways.
The following are the types of immunotherapy treatments:
After the treatment, you have to go for regular checkups, scans, and blood tests to know the results of treatments. The response of the treatment depends on the patients. There are chances of some patients not responding to the therapy as well as others.
There are many benefits of immunotherapy because white blood cells play a great role in preventing and control cancer. Immunotherapy is the best treatment for cancers because of the following reasons.
Sometimes radiation or chemotherapy doesn’t respond to various cancers like skin cancer. However, Immunotherapy has a higher chance of responding to skin cancer.
It helps various treatments work better. This includes chemotherapy, which begins responding early when combined with immunotherapy.
It has fewer side effects compared to other cancer treatments because it only targets your immune system.
Immunotherapy educates immune cells to go after cancer cells and kill them. They remember the cancer cells; this is called immunological memory. This therapy helps your body to prevent the development of cancer for a longer time.
Immunotherapy is not as dangerous as other treatments of cancer, but it has some effects and reactions.
Some types of immunotherapy have side effects like flu. Some people also experience diarrhea, swelling, stuffiness, and weight gain.
Sometimes, the immune system attacks your various organs e.g.: intestine, heart, kidney, and other organs.
You may have to face pain, redness, itching, swellings, and soreness during the treatment. But it only occurs in areas where medication is applied.
Sometimes it takes longer than any other treatment.
Some patients don’t respond to this therapy. Half of the people don’t get results of immunotherapy.
In some cases, it provides only short-term effects and stops working.
Immunotherapy doesn’t have the same side effects of chemotherapy and radiation. It is a better way to treat your cancer.
The immune system helps your body protect you from bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Harmful and harmless bacteria are always present in and around your body. White cells protect you from harmful bacteria. Your body organs release lymphocytes. Lymphocytes or white cells are of two types. B type cells release antibodies when your body detects disease, and T-cells are responsible for destroying foreign or abnormal cells. If your body prevents you from fighting these infections and diseases, you have a disorder, namely immunodeficiency. Lack of protein causes a weak immune system.
There are two types of immunodeficiency disorders: primary and secondary immunodeficiency disorder. Both types are mentioned below with further subcategories:
Primary Immunodeficiency disorder or PIDDs are genetically transferred disease. There are more than 200 different types of PIDD disorders. If you are suffering from PIDD, different types of white cells or proteins are missing in your blood, and this leads to severe infections. This deficiency may attack the respiratory system, brain, spinal cord, and urinary or gastrointestinal tracts. Some PIDD diseases affect body organs, cells, and tissues. If you find these symptoms, you might have PIDD:
This condition can cause a reduction in B-cells. When B-cells lack in your body, you will be a target of various infections, and the treatment is difficult. Even after you treat these infections, there are chances of getting them again. The most common bacterial infections that you might face are lung infections, ear infections, sinus, and pink eye. If your child is suffering from this immune deficiency, he or she will be fine for 1 to 2 months. He or she gets protection from antibodies that their mother transfers to them while giving birth. Once these antibodies are out of their bodies, they are at risk of infections.
This disease can cause permanent damage to the respiratory tract because of severe and repeated infections. This deficiency occurs when the body opens to bacteria and viruses and is unable to defend itself. The infections affect the ears and the respiratory tract. In many cases of CVID, diagnosis is not possible at an early stage. If you are suffering from CVID, you might have higher risks of getting cancer. This disease can affect both males and females, and severity may vary from one victim to another.
Diseases that come under secondary immunodeficiency disorders are a result of environmental factors. Examples include HIV, malnutrition, and severe burns. These are more common than PIDD. If your immune system is infected by external factors like drugs, metabolic diseases, or environmental conditions, this may cause a deficiency in your body. If your body has limited access to food, you might end up suffering from malnutrition, which can result in decreasing the production of T-cells. Your body is prone to various infections if you lack T-cells, as these cells help protect your body from abnormal cells.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV is a type of virus that causes AIDS. Your immune system is a defense mechanism for your body. The healthy immune system can control many viruses with the help of T-Cells. HIV targets these cells and causes them to make copies of viruses that damage your immune system. The advanced stage of HIV disease is AIDS. It is a deadly disease that occurs when HIV is not controlled, and the body loses too many T-Cells. That makes your body’s immune system weak, and you are unable to fight infections.
When cancer infects the tissues that form blood, the result is Leukemia. This type of cancer occurs in both children and adults. This affects your bone marrow and the lymphatic system.
Immunodeficiency is a severe condition, and you should take it seriously. Any ignorance in its treatment can cause serious problems. Some of these diseases can be fatal. For a consultation regarding this deficiency, you can contact us.
Call or book an appointment with our NYC Allergist to get help with your condition.
Boyan Hadjiev, MD
30 East 40th Street
(Btwn Madison and Park)
New York, NY 10016
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