Call Today to Schedule an Appointment: 212-319-5282
Our practice, Advanced Allergy, Asthma and Sinusitis P.C., is located in the heart of Manhattan, New York, just a block away from Grand Central Station. It is a new type of practice dedicated to providing the most up-to-date treatment for adult and pediatric patients with allergy, asthma, sinus disease or disorders of the immune system. We offer world-class expertise and the highest standards in diagnostic testing and treatment for allergy, asthma and sinus disease.
Our treatment plans are based upon the latest practice parameters and recommendations in our field as published by the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology and the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology.
At Advanced Allergy, Asthma and Sinusitis P.C., we make extraordinary efforts to stay current in our field by attending relevant regional, national and international conferences and reviewing the current literature, textbooks and online databases. Dr. Boyan Hadjiev is fellowship-trained and board-certified in Internal Medicine and Allergy and Immunology. We firmly believe that having a board certification makes the physician more proficient and knowledgeable in the field of allergy/immunology and sinus disease.
Please visit our Common Allergic Problems page for a list of conditions we treat and their descriptions.
What is a food sensitivity test and how does it work? To find out if you are sensitive to certain foods, you can get an idea by noticing how long your body takes to react when you eat them. Unlike food allergies, food sensitivity reaction takes a longer time to happen. Food sensitivity means that you have difficulty digesting certain types of foods, and there are various causes to why that may be.
Nearly all types of foods need enzymes to properly digest. Each type of food contains components that every specific enzyme digests. For example, Lactase is an enzyme that digests the protein found in milk, which is lactose. Therefore, a person who doesn’t have sufficient amount of lactase will have intolerance or sensitivity towards milk.
Some people are biologically intolerant or sensitive towards certain chemicals found in foods. Such as caffeine, which you can commonly find in coffee, tea or energy drinks.
Some foods contain poisons that are naturally present in them. To avoid an intolerant reaction towards them you have to cook them properly. Some foods can also cause a toxic effect in your stomach when you eat them undercooked.
Some individuals are sensitive to naturally occurring histamines. Poorly stored fish can accumulate a lot of naturally occurring histamines as it rots. If a person who is sensitive to histamine eats it, they are likely to experience abdominal cramps, diarrhea, vomiting and nausea
Other common types of food substances that people are mostly sensitive towards include gluten, wheat, artificial sweeteners and coloring.
People usually confuse the two but there is a vast difference between them. Food allergy is an immediate immune response to certain foods. Therefore, the symptoms are much more severe and immediate. A person with a peanut allergy cannot even inhale a tiny bit of peanut dust without swelling up like a balloon.
On the other hand, you may have food sensitivity to certain foods and may not even realize it throughout your lives. Unlike food allergy, the symptoms to food sensitivity can take much longer to reveal themselves. Symptoms may include bloating, migraines or diarrhea. To sum it all up, food sensitivity is not necessarily life threatening and may or may not include an immune response.
Here are some certain sensitivity tests that can come in handy for identifying issues:
This is a simple yet effective way of identifying whether you are sensitive to certain foods. For this, you have to follow an elimination diet. You follow this diet in order to avoid certain types of foods that your dietician may believe is problematic for you.
This test requires extreme commitment and dedication from you since you are limited to have certain foods and eating out can be a problem. It also requires you to record each and every food you eat. The elimination diet may continue for a couple of weeks before you stop showing symptoms. After that, you may have to go through an oral challenge.
The foods you avoid in an elimination diet can vary depending on the person following it. Your practitioner will guide you about the avoidance and reintroduction of the foods in your diet.
Cell based blood tests include MRT and ALCAT. In these types of tests, the doctor collects your blood from your veins, using a needle. They then test your blood by inserting certain food antigens in it and observing the white blood cells. If your white blood cells shrink in reaction to certain food antigens, this means that you are sensitive to that particular food.
The doctor then bases your diet on the MRT or ALCAT tests with the help of dieticians, nutritionists and health practitioners. You have to follow this by the elimination diet test that the practitioner directs based on the MRT test.
There are several other tests that could determine food sensitivity. Most of them differ from the traditional cell based tests but are equally effective. Alternative practitioners like chiropractors and environmental medicine doctors use other methods to test food sensitivities. The most common alternative tests are muscle response testing, provocation tests and electro dermal screening.
This test involves a person to hold a food antigen in one hand while extending the other hand parallel to the floor. The practitioner then pushes their extended hand towards the floor. If the practitioner easily pushes down the extended hand without any restraint, this indicates weakness towards the food antigen. The practitioner then draws conclusions based on these observations.
For this test, you have to hold a brass tube on one hand, which works as an electrode. The practitioner connects this tube to a computer that generates digitalized frequencies of the food. Then, they press a probe to your other hand. This probe transmits electrical frequencies on your skin. The practitioner then deduces a numerical analysis of your skin’s resistance to those frequencies and concludes whether you are sensitive to a specific food antigen.
Food sensitivity tests are able to conduct a detailed analysis of your body’s reactivity to certain foods. Some tests require blood samples and produce instant results while other alternative methods may take more time and lack validity.
What are the causes of allergic reactions on your skin? The body has a complex immune system. When the immune system works fine, the cells responsible for immunity will defend you from toxic substances and alert you about the threat. However, when your body’s immune system doesn’t work correctly due to a disease or in normal condition, your immune cells will consider certain substances to be a threat and initiate a reaction. These substances are allergens.
You may react to allergens by consuming, touching, or breathing certain substances, leading to reactions on the skin. According to AAAAI or American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, 50 million people suffer from one or another allergic condition in the US. An immunologist can use triggering allergens to test how you react to various substances. They will inject allergens in your body to see a reaction. Then, they diagnose you with an allergy. Furthermore, they also use various allergens for treatment.
Our body’s skin acts as a defense mechanism and keeps any threats from entering the body. Human skin contains various special cells that provide immunity and protect the skin and the body from viruses, bacteria, and other dangerous pathogens.
When our skin detects an unknown substance that might cause a threat, they react and inflame the infected area. This inflammation is dermatitis or a rash, which can lead to itching and sore.
The reaction depends on the immune cells, the substance, and how they react to something. Sometimes, your infection or health condition leads to allergies. Rashes can be of various types. You may experience irritation, patches or blisters, redness or pain in the infected area. Itchiness can be of various types. It may occur in a specific region or all over the body and can be a symptom of various conditions. Here are some causes of allergic reactions:
Various items have nickel construction, such as cutlery and jewelry. Nonetheless, many people experience an allergic reaction to this material. When they come into contact with the material, their skin starts to rash and turn red and itchy. You are prone to this allergy if you work as a house cleaner, caterer, retail clerk, hairstylist, or your tasks include interacting with various metal items.
This allergy is non-treatable. Of course, you need to avoid any contact with this material if you know or experience any reaction towards it. If you want to wear nickel-based accessories, add a layer of nail paint to create a barrier between your skin and nickel, avoiding direct interactions.
Oil from these plants is very reactive to the skin. The leaves release the oil, urushiol when they suffer from bruising or damage. When your skin comes in contact with the oil, it initiates an allergic reaction by turning itchy and red. Urushiol will cause blisters, bumps, and rashes. You can treat the reaction in various ways. For instance, you can apply a wet cloth, oatmeal bath, hydrocortisone cream, and calamine lotion. However, you should visit the immunologist immediately before the condition gets worse.
You may have noticed that after taking various medications, you experience itchy skin and rashes all over your body. Itchiness and rashes are a result of skin allergic reactions. Some ointments can lead to symptoms like itchiness as well. The allergic reaction indicates that the ingredients are not suitable for your skin type or your allergic condition. Hence, you need to consult an immunologist to determine what items and materials you are allergic to.
Fragrances are the main components of deodorant, cologne, and perfume. You use such products to conceal unpleasant smells. You can also find this product in soaps and other skincare products. You may find difficulty choosing a product when you have a fragrance allergy, as most products do not include fragrance as an ingredient. Companies even add a small quantity of fragrance in unscented products. Physical therapists and massage therapists are more likely to develop skin allergy to fragrance as they consistently use products containing fragrance.
Various ingredients in beauty products are reactive to your skin. Two examples are formaldehydeparabens and releaser. Although these products make the product long-lasting, your skin may be reactive to these products. These products usually present in the following items with the names quaternion-15, PABA, isothiazolinone, Diazolidinyl urea, bromonitropropane:
Before buying products, always check the ingredients. If you are not allergic to these types of preservatives, you can rely on these products naturally.
Allergists & immunologists have education and practice in handling conditions related to the immune system, such as allergic reactions. They can diagnose you and check for which items trigger an immune response and lead to skin reactions.
Are you looking for a top immunologist in New York City? If so, give us a call at 212-319-5282. Visit Dr. Boyan Hadjiev, better known as Dr. Sneeze, for a consultation on treating & controlling the allergic reaction on your skin.
Boyan Hadjiev, MD
30 East 40th Street
New York, NY 10016
Have you wondered what immunologists are and do? Immunology involves studying the immune system and its process of protecting the body from various infections and viruses. The immune system provides essential defensive capabilities. An active immune system functions automatically and eliminates any external element that is a threat to the body. If your immune system doesn’t work properly, you are prone to various diseases. Scientists and immunologists research how our body mechanisms protect us from new diseases and how you can improve your immune system.
Immunologists help diagnose and treat allergies and other diseases related to the immune system. When your immune system overreacts or doesn’t work properly, an immunologist can help you maintain the system.
If you are suffering from allergies, you need to consider visiting and consulting an immunologist. Allergies occur when your immune system reacts to substances that are not harmful, thinking that they’re a threat.
The immune system provides protection from various pathogens and harmful substances that can cause a disease or allergy. Some of the most common pathogens that the immune system provides protection against include viruses and bacteria, which can cause infections. The immune system involves cellular and molecular activities. Your body contains two types of immunity. The first is innate immunity, which is the first line of defense, and adaptive immunity, which is the second line of defense.
Below, you will find some conditions related to the immune system that Immunologist can treat:
In this condition, you may experience an allergic reaction affecting your airways and nose. Allergic Rhinitis will cause inflammation to the regions of your body that are part of the breathing process. Another name for this condition is hay fever, which is a common condition. The symptoms of this condition also include sneezing, itchy or stuffy nose, etc. This occurs when your body overreacts to an allergen.
When you are in contact with allergens in this condition, you will experience inflammation around your eyes. You will feel itching, redness, tearing, and swelling of the eyes. Another name for the condition is a pink eye, and it is the result of a bacteria or a virus.
Asthma is a chronic condition and can be fatal. In this condition, you may find it difficult to breathe. In this condition, your airway swells and produces excessive amounts of mucus. The narrow airways lead to impossible or difficulty in breathing. You will also experience a whistling sound, triggering cough and tightness of the chest.
This is another condition related to a breathing disorder. This condition is also fatal, and other symptoms include vomiting and low blood pressure. Stings from various insects, foods, latex, and medications can cause Anaphylaxis. Many people are also allergic to peanut butter and berries. After encountering these allergens, your immune system will release large amounts of chemicals that lead to a shock. To minimize the symptoms, doctors prescribe Injectable epinephrine to people with allergies. Whenever they encounter the allergen, they use the epi-pen to avoid symptoms.
With this allergic reaction, you may experience itchy and red skin with rashes. Sometimes, this condition can lead to hay fever or asthma. Moreover, medical professionals and researchers have yet to develop a cure for this condition. This eczema-type condition usually affects children, and its triggers include food and environmental conditions. This is a chronic condition, and the reaction can grow worse over time. Other symptoms of atopic dermatitis are sweating, a rise in body temperature, stress, and irritation. Various treatments and avoiding allergic substances can lower the risk of developing such a condition.
People also know this allergic condition as hives. This occurs when your body comes into contact with medication or food allergens. Your skin will turn red and itchy. You may also develop welts through various environmental allergens. Chronic urticarial will remain for around six weeks.
This is a chronic disorder of the immune system. In this condition, white blood cells build up in your food pipe or esophagus, causing tissue damage and chronic inflammation.
An immunologist can treat, manage, and diagnose all the above-mentioned conditions. Besides, they can help with your allergic reactions and other immunodeficiency conditions as well. Immunologists also develop new treatments and tests to help your immune system work normally by combining their academic research and clinical experience. They are also involved in research and analysis other than treating conditions related to the immune system.
If you are suffering from an immune system related condition, or are experiencing any of the symptoms of the above-mentioned conditions, visit our clinic.
Allergy specialist Dr. Boyan Hadjiev will diagnose your condition and devise a treatment plan. His extensive experience and understanding of the field allows him to offer the best suited treatments.
What are the different types of allergic reactions? The immune system in the body is responsible for protecting us against bacteria and viruses. This system consists of certain components that make up your blood, and fight against any harmful substances that are a threat to your body. This defense mechanism enables your body to eliminate unfavorable substances.
In some cases, your immune system may respond to substances that are not exactly a lethal threat to your health. This happens when you have an immune system that is highly sensitive to foreign substances that enter your body.
The medical term for these substances is allergens. When allergens find ways to enter your system, you experience physiological changes in your body. These changes are due to an allergic reaction. You create a path of entry for these allergens by touching, inhaling or eating them. Each person can be allergic to specific substances. However some substances are more common than others.
Doctors also use allergens for diagnosis and treatment. The method of vaccination involves injecting micro doses of allergens to manipulate an immune response that can be helpful for you.
People may experience allergic reactions of different types depending on their condition. Some allergic reactions classify under immediate reactions. These reactions do not take time to occur and happen rapidly. On the other hand, allergic reactions classify under delayed allergic reactions, and these can typically take about 24 hours to occur.
This type of allergic reaction is one of the most severe reactions. It can happen within minutes of exposure and can be life threatening. Doctors may also call this an anaphylactic shock and it is a serious medical emergency. People who suffer from anaphylactic reaction may go through swelling, difficulty in breathing, and changes in blood pressure.
A person may experience this reaction due to the exposure of pollen, certain foods or insect bites. Furthermore, a patient with bronchial asthma is very susceptible to an anaphylactic shock.
Just like anaphylactic reaction, antibodies and proteins mediate an immunocomplex reaction. In this reaction, antibodies bind with allergens to form immunocomplexes, causing an allergic reaction in a person. This reaction is also an immediate response, commonly seen in people with lupus and serum sickness.
This type of reaction is also an immediate reaction. Patients with autoimmune blood disorders like anemia or ITP suffer from cytotoxic reactions. This reaction initiates when the antibodies activate the complement system in our bodies. This system is a component of our immunity, which causes the antibodies to work against the favor of your system, resulting in cell damage. Therefore, the cyctotoxic reaction is an autoimmune response to allergens.
These types of allergic reactions are delayed allergic reactions, and the symptoms for these reactions can take 24 hours or more to appear after the exposure to allergens. Long-term infectious diseases like tuberculosis and certain fungal infections produce cell mediated reactions.
Certain external substances are responsible for triggering an immediate allergic response in people. These include:
An allergic reaction is symptomatic, and some of the common symptoms include:
An allergist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of allergies. They use different approaches for diagnosis and treatment depending on the severity of the condition. Professionals can diagnose acute allergic reactions by simply observing the symptoms, while chronic conditions may require special tests and blood work.
When an allergist identifies the triggers, they come up with the most suitable treatment for you. These treatments range from pharmaceutical drugs to natural remedies. While there is not really a cure for allergic diseases, temporary solutions can immensely help you live your life unbothered.
Regardless of the treatments, it is important to keep in mind that prevention is better than cure. Therefore, avoiding allergic triggers is the best way to go about. An immunologist or allergist specializes and practices specifically for immune related conditions.
If you suffer from problems such as allergies, asthma, autoimmune disease, or any immunodeficiency disease, you should book an appointment with Dr Sneeze to find an adequate solution and get relief as soon as possible.
Call today for an appointment 212-679-1200.
Can you get hives on the face? Hives are itchy, red skin rashes that appear on your skin. The medical term for hives is urticaria, and they mostly present on the face. Hives on your skin can appear in response of an allergen or sometimes without any cause at all. For those who don’t know, allergen’s cause allergic reactions.
Hives are predominantly an allergic response, and this reaction causes your body to release histamines, which is a protein. When your body releases histamines, the tiny blood vessels under your skin leak a fluid that accumulates in the skin and causes a red itchy rash.
There are two types of hives, ordinary hives and chronic hives
Ordinary Hives: This type of hives is quite normal in people. You may experience it due to the exposure of certain external stimuli. It lasts a couple of hours and goes away.
Chronic Hives: This type of hives is mostly idiopathic. This means that no one can tell the cause of it and it may even last a couple of months.
The symptoms of hives include swellings or wheels appearing as a rash on the surface of your skin. They are round in shape and their color is pinkish or red. You will experience extreme itchiness on these rashes as they begin to appear. Furthermore, they are likely to appear on your face in big numbers, and can also show up on your hands, legs, fingers, toes and fee.
Symptoms can normally diminish in 24 hours but there is always a change of re-appearance. They can appear in different parts of the body at the same time. Some people with chronic hives will experience symptoms that could last for months and even years.
There are certain causes for hives that are more common than others, these include
Some people cannot tolerate certain medications and may exhibit an allergic response to them. These medications may include penicillin, aspirin, ibuprofen and blood pressure medications.
Airborne allergens are tiny particles that hover along with the air. Breathing the air that contains these allergens can cause an allergic reaction in the form of hives. These allergens are specific to individuals but the most common ones are pollen and dust particles.
Some foods can trigger hives in certain people. These include peanuts, eggs, milk, soy and others.
Certain environmental stimuli can have adverse affects in the form of hives. These may include over-exposure to sunlight, vibrations by machines, insect bites, stress and certain fabrics of clothing.
Doctors also link hives with stress. Being stressed out could massively worsen inflammatory responses. Therefore, chronic stress is can ultimately worsen the allergic reaction that is Hives.
The doctor is likely to diagnose and treat acute urticaria and chronic urticaria differently. This is because of the pathological differences between them. Chronic hives can be idiopathic and auto immune. This means that no one can tell the cause and the person’s own immune system may be making it worse. While on the other hand, acute urticaria or hives is much less severe and occurs as a response to external factors.
The doctor will diagnose acute Urticaria by simply examining the rashes and ask the patient basic information of the occurrences of this allergic reaction. If the patient is aware of the triggers and has a history of previous occurrences, the health profession will likely appoint the patient to an experienced allergist.
For this type of Urticaria, the doctors are likely to conduct specific tests on the patients. These may include blood test, liver function test, stool sample test and thyroid test. The doctors conduct these tests to look for any dysfunction or deficiency that a person may have that is causing this issue.
In some cases, taking over the counter drugs can be helpful for people with Urticaria. However, these may only be able to provide temporary relief. While other helpful methods reside in the form of home remedies, these include using cold object to compress your skin. This is helpful because it can alleviate you from the burning and itchy sensation on your skin. There are also anti-itch bathing products, which you can use to minimize this issue. Furthermore, you use many natural anti-inflammatory products to apply on your skin like Aloe Vera.
There are many natural and over the counter options that can provide you with temporary relieve from the hives on your face. However, the best and most efficient solution for acute urticaria is prevention and precaution. Avoiding the stimulus that triggers the allergic reaction should be your first choice of prevention.
If you suffer from hives and want to learn the best options for treatment, contact Dr. Boyan Hadjiev, New York’s most experienced and trusted allergist.
Boyan Hadjiev, MD
30 East 40th Street
(Btwn Madison and Park)
New York, NY 10016
Do ENT doctors and allergists services overlap? Many people do not understand when they need an allergist and when to visit an ENT doctor for their condition. This confusion is a result of both doctors treating similar symptoms. Most allergies, such as hay fever, have symptoms like a blocked nose, sneezing and coughing, and require treatment from an allergist. In this article, you will understand the relationship between an allergist and an ENT surgeon.
When you have any problem related to structural problems and require surgery in the ear, nose, and throat, visit an ENT doctor. They will analyze your complexity and look for the cause behind the symptoms. Their training involves treating conditions related to the bone and cartilage. When you have trouble breathing due to nasal blockage, a sore throat, or scrappy voice, an ENT surgeon can help you. However, most of these problems may be the result of one or another allergy. Even half of the sinus difficulties involve allergies, and the symptoms may be allergic or non-allergic. Sometimes when you visit an ENT specialist for a breathing problem, they recommend an allergist to find out about the allergies you might have.
An allergist or immunologist can help you with the conditions related to your immune system. That involves chemical reactions in the body due to foreign particles or something your immune system thinks is a threat to the body. However, your body overreacts and causes various symptoms.
Allergists have special training to diagnose and treat conditions such as allergic inflammation. However, they cannot perform surgeries. You may develop allergies when your body decides that a substance is harmful. Even when the substance is not threatening to the body, the defense mechanism or antibodies signal the body, so the immune system starts overreacting, causing an allergic reaction. The symptoms of allergies vary depending on the allergen. Environmental allergens are widespread and cause facial pressure, nasal congestion, throat clearing, drainage, and sneezing. People with environmental allergies are prone to chronic sinus pain and headaches.
No matter how old you are, but allergies have a significant impact on your quality of life. Sometimes, when it is hard to find the allergen you are allergic to, your condition can worsen. That is where an allergist helps. They identify the reason for the allergic reaction and help you avoid interaction with the allergen and manage the symptoms. Here are some conditions in which you need to visit an allergist for better treatment:
When you have issues with your nose, ears, or throat, along with your neck and head, you need to visit an ENT specialist. They can also diagnose allergic conditions that relate to your ears, nose, and throat. They treat conditions such as hearing loss, facial reconstructive surgery, and tonsillitis, etc.
They perform ENT surgery to fix the defects and injuries in the painful, infectious regions and cause breathing and listening issues. You can visit an ENT surgeon if you have an ear infection. Below, you can find how an ENT surgeon will help with your ear, nose, and throat:
An ENT specialist can diagnose and treat ear disorders such as tinnitus, vertigo, pain in the ear, and ear infections. They can also treat birth disabilities related to ears.
An ENT specialist treats issues that affect your breathing, smell, and physical appearance of your nose. They can also help you with the nasal cavity, sinuses, and other nose related conditions.
If you have problems regarding speech, digestion, swallowing, and eating, an ENT doctor can provide solutions. They manage all throat-related problems.
They also help you with trauma, deformities, face, head, and neck problems. They also perform cosmetic surgeries. An ENT surgeon can also help with treating facial movement, hearing, sight, and smell. You should visit an ENT specialist if you are suffering from the following conditions:
Allergists and ENT surgeons usually work together for better results. They understand the similarities of conditions. Sometimes, an allergist might refer you to an ENT doctor when you need surgery, and sometimes, an ENT specialist will recommend you to an allergist for an allergic reaction.
Boyan Hadjiev, MD
30 East 40th Street | Suite 1200
New York, NY 10016
Anaphylactic shock occurs due to Anaphylaxis. This condition occurs when your body severely reacts to a substance, and on contact, you start experiencing a life-threatening reaction. When this happens, your body will release some chemicals. There are various serious consequences and complications for these conditions. If you are unable to visit an immunologist in time, this can be very dangerous as anaphylactic shocks can be fatal.
When your antibodies consider or overreact with food or any other harmless substance called allergens, it causes Anaphylaxis. Antibodies are the special body cells that attack and destroy infections such as bacteria or viruses that enter the body. You may not react when you come in contact with it as this will make antibodies active. However, when the next time that substance enters your body, the immune system overreacts and causes symptoms.
Children mostly suffer from anaphylactic shock due to food. The most common food children react to include wheat, soy, eggs, milk, fish, shellfish, or peanuts. However, in adults, peanuts, tree nuts (such as almonds, pine nuts, pistachios, cashews, hazelnuts, and walnuts), or shellfish, can lead to anaphylactic shock as well.
You may experience Anaphylaxis due to various allergens. Allergens are substances that are not harmful, but your body treats that substance as a threat. Here are some allergens that your body may find allergic:
The immune system of many people also reacts to the following substances:
Sometimes a combination of various foods along with breathing allergens can cause severe anaphylactic shock. So you need to be aware of what things you are allergic to and avoid those substances.
When you are in contact with a substance you are allergic to, you will start experiencing the symptoms immediately. The initial symptoms include runny nose and uneasiness. However, if you are still in contact with the substance, you will develop severe symptoms such as:
When your condition is worse, you may faint and stop breathing. You might lose your consciousness and require urgent medical attention.
When you are experiencing an anaphylactic shock, the first thing that you need to do is to inject epinephrine, which will give you a bit of control. After that, you need to visit the immunologist so that you can receive more adrenaline through IV. Antihistamines and glucocorticoids are also effective with this condition. These medications will help you reduce the inflammation in your esophagus and restore your ability to breathe.
Immunologists might also give you beta-agonists so that you can breathe easily. You can get enough oxygen by receiving supplemental oxygen. An immunologist will also treat any complication that you may experience after having an anaphylactic shock.
You can avoid anaphylactic shocks by preventing the following practices:
When you find someone experiencing anaphylactic shock, you need to immediately contact an immunologist and seek help. Sometimes when you take epinephrine doses, you still need medical attention or further care, so visit the immunologist after the attack. Various medications can help you relive instantly. However, before using any medication, always consult with the immunologist to avoid any risk of reaction.
Do you need to consult with an immunologist about an allergic reaction? If so, please contact us at 212-319-5282, or visit our offices in Midtown New York City. You can also schedule a telehealth consultation with our immunologist, Dr. Boyan Hadjiev, to discuss your condition.
What are the signs and symptoms of an allergy? You may feel irritated with continuous itchy skin or eyes, rash, pain in the throat, or any other allergic symptoms. You can develop a rash due to various reasons, such as poison ivy, which is the oil extract of a specific plant’s leaves. Allergies can give you itchy skin, or your body can even overreact when you eat specific food items.
You can also develop a rash through illnesses such as chickenpox and measles. Hives and eczema are allergies that commonly cause skin rashes. If you are suffering from rashes because of allergies, then you need to visit an immunologist. An immunologist will diagnose your condition and treat it accordingly so that your immune system works perfectly.
Your allergic symptoms depend on allergens and the type of allergies you are prone to. For instance, dust allergies will cause different symptoms than latex allergy. Here are some types of allergies and their symptoms to help you identify what you are experiencing and why.
Allergic rhinitis or hay fever can cause cold symptoms—for instance, itchy eyes, runny nose, sinus pressure, sneezing, and congestion. You develop a cold because of a virus. However, hay fever occurs due to an overreaction of the immune system. Allergens such as dust mites, pollen, a pets’ saliva, and pets’ dander are a few reasons why you are experiencing allergies. Below you will find some signs of hay fever:
People with asthma may experience the following signs as well:
Dust mites are prevalent in every house. You may develop hay fever if you are allergic to dust mites. These tiny bugs can lead to difficulty in breathing, runny nose, and sneezing. Some signs of dust allergies are:
If you have asthma, then you might experience the following symptoms:
When you are allergic through the year in various seasons, you might be allergic to mold or fungi. You will find mold everywhere. When you upset the source of the mold, it will spread spores into the air. When you inhale those spores, it triggers allergies, and you start showing signs. You may experience mold allergy commonly from July till fall. However, fungi are available throughout the year, so you may develop this allergy throughout the year. Here are some signs and symptoms of mold allergy:
There are proteins in the urine, skin, and saliva of various animals that can cause you an allergic reaction. You can also experience allergy through pet dander (skin or dead flakes). People are mostly allergic to dogs and cats because of the fur. You may experience various signs due to swelling of the nasal passage. Here are some of those signs:
You can experience the following symptoms if you have asthma:
If you are allergic to some food items, even the smallest amounts of that food and your immune system will overreact. You will experience various symptoms, such as swollen airways, hives, and digestive disorders. For some people, food allergies can be deadly. Symptoms of food allergies include:
Allergies can sometimes become severe. Various allergies can be deadly. To avoid any severe reaction, you need to identify the allergens for your allergy. An immunologist will help you identify the allergens you are allergic to. They will also help you with the treatment to reduce the reaction of your allergies.
What are the common city allergies? It’s common for large cities to suffer from overpopulation and pollution. Every year the Allergy and Asthma Foundation of America publishes a list of cities every year. This list ranks cities according to the pollen count and the use of allergic medication.
Allergies occur when your immune system overreacts to allergens such as pollen and consider these substances harmful for the body. The body’s reaction to these harmless substances causes breathing problems, sneezing, and coughing, among other problems. As cities suffer from overpopulation, they contain numerous allergens, leading to negative reactions within the body. Below we will discuss some allergies that are common in big cities:
Seasonal allergies, such as hay fever, go by many names, one of which is allergic rhinitis. According to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology reports, about 8 percent of Americans experience seasonal allergy in the United States (Source).
When your body reacts with outdoor allergens, it triggers your immune system’s abnormal response and causes an allergic reaction. The most common seasonal allergens include pollen from weeds, grass, trees, and other sources. However, various plants consist of heavy pollens that do not trigger any allergic reaction.
The name hay fever comes from the season of hay cutting, which happens in the summer season. That is when many people living in big cities experience symptoms of hay fever. In winter, there are fewer chances for seasonal allergies to trigger.
Many people experience this condition throughout the year. Your condition depends on where you live and how severely your body reacts to allergens.
Here are some symptoms of seasonal allergies that you need to consider:
Below you will find some less common signs of seasonal allergies:
People who suffer from hay fever also develop asthma. Their condition gets worse when they have both conditions together, triggering an asthma attack.
Allergic people in the United States are mostly allergic to mold. You will find these substances near parks and areas with weeds, grasses, flowers, and trees. When a person allergic to pollen breathe in the tiny pollens from the air, their body’s immune system overreacts and develops these symptoms.
The immune system mostly defends your body from bacteria and viruses, but sometimes it overreacts to various substances called allergens. There are various symptoms of pollen allergies. The following symptoms are familiar:
Cities in the United States are full of restaurants and food chains. A massive population of people, on average, consumes a single meal from these restaurants every day. Most people are not aware of the ingredients used in making food.
When they consume it, they are allergic to it. Their body starts showing signs of allergy. Food allergies can cause severe symptoms, and sometimes, this can be life-threatening. Symptoms of food allergies can be mild and severe, depending on the condition of the person. Here are some of the symptoms and signs of food allergies:
You can avoid food allergic reaction by wearing a tag with a list of items you are allergic to and checking the ingredients of the food items you consume.
The spores of mold float in the air. Mold is a type of Fungi and found near damp areas. They live on four things food, suitable temperature, air, and water. You can also find mold outside your house in your garden. Breathing mold is standard, and in cities, everyone breathes the spores in. However, this can trigger your immune system if you are allergic to it.
The immune system treats molds as allergens and makes your body overly react to this harmless substance. Here are some of the symptoms and signs that you may experience during the allergic reaction to mold:
Many people confuse their mold allergy to a sinus infection or cold. However, symptoms of both the conditions are similar, but the causes are different.
People living in cities are at a higher risk of developing allergies. So they need to care more and maintain their lifestyle. An immunologist can help you with your allergic conditions. They will help reduce the symptoms, allowing you to focus on your life.
If you are looking for an immunologist in New York City, consult top nyc allergist Dr. Boyan Hadjiev. He will provide a complete diagnosis and treatment plan for your allergies. To make an appointment, you can call us at 212-319-5282 or visit our website for more details about allergies. You can also consult with our doctor from anywhere around the world through our telemedicine services.
While there’s no cure for allergies, you can alleviate symptoms. Prevention is easier when you know which allergens you are allergic to. You should try various methods and techniques to avoid any contact with allergens. For instance, if you are allergic to insect stings, cover all the windows and doors and avoid walking barefoot in your backyard or front lawn.
You can also take medications for allergies. However, if you take too much medication, you may develop an allergic reaction to them. Immunologists will help you in finding the best medication, depending on your allergy and condition. You can also follow disease-modifying treatments. Talk to an immunologist about immunotherapy, and they will help you understand the procedure. These therapies cannot cure your condition but will provide relief and reduce the sensitivity against allergens you are allergic to.
Your body’s immune system creates antibodies to protect you from harmful substances. To eliminate threats and foreign particles, the body generates IgE or Immunoglobulin E. This chemical messenger signals to cells that they need defenses against the threat. If you are allergic to environmental allergens such as dander or pollen, you might have more IgE levels. Even food allergies can cause a high level of IgE.
After some time of exposure, your immune system develops a memory of the allergen. This can be helpful in many conditions, such as responding quickly. Your medication works due to this response. However, when you are allergic to an allergen, the response increases, and your immune system overreacts. This will cause allergic symptoms such as coughing, sneezing, and a runny nose. For every allergen, there’s a specific type of IgE. That is why we are prone to more than one allergen.
When your immune system overreacts to allergens such as pet dander or peanut butter, it makes specific IgE, such as peanut IgE or dander IgE. Then, your immune system memorizes that allergen for future attacks—the IgEs link to mast cells. Then, the mast cells release histamine whenever an allergen enters your body, which causes your body to overreact. Hence, responses to allergens become a part of your immune system. The more you react with the allergen, the stronger the response gets. That is why it is impossible to change this process of the immune system.
Below, you will find some treatments for allergies:
An immunologist will recommend this technique if they are not aware of allergens you are allergic to or your condition is severe. They will inject shots of adrenalin of other allergen extraction methods. Furthermore, they might also recommend pills that you need to place under your tongue.
Immunologists plan your medication to reduce the symptoms of your allergy. This will help you prevent your immune system from overreacting. An immunologist might provide eye drops, nasal sprays, liquid suspensions, or pills. Usually, pollen allergies require these types of treatments.
This is the best preventative method for allergic reactions. In this method, immunologists will determine the substance you are allergic to. Then, they will develop strategies to avoid the reaction. This method can drastically reduce the occurrence of symptoms.
When your condition is serious, you need to keep injections of adrenaline along with you. So whenever a triggering substance triggers your allergy, you can inject the shots to instantly alleviate symptoms.
Many allergy symptoms improve through various adjustments you can follow at home.
When the reason for your allergy is humidity, you can install ventilation fans in your washroom to keep the damp locations dry. Furthermore, you can fix leakages in your house to keep humidity levels low.
You need to keep your home clean from pet dander and dust mites. Wash the toys and beds with hot water, and vacuum your home regularly, especially when you have carpet. Remember, carpets can store large amounts of mites and dander.
You need to rinse your sinuses with water and salt solution. This will improve your nasal irrigation. People use net bottles when they experience allergies from infection.
You cannot completely treat your allergies, but an immunologist can help identify the allergen and design ways to avoid it. This will not only protect you from overreacting but also increase the chances of recovering from your allergy. However, recovery is very rare.
Are you looking for an immunologist? Dr. Boyan Hadjiev is one of the best immunologists in New York City. He is capable of diagnosing and managing your allergies with expertise. To make an appointment, call us at 212-319-5282 to schedule an appointment at our offices. You can also consult with our experts through telemedicine from anywhere on the globe.
What is a latex allergy? Manufacturers make latex from a rubber tree, and it includes various proteins that can trigger an allergic reaction. Latex is not a harmful substance, but when you have a latex allergy, your immune system considers the material to be harmful. A latex allergy can induce reactions that include hives and itchiness. Other than that, this allergy can also lead to anaphylaxis and have a life-threatening effect on your body. When you have anaphylaxis shocks, you will find it difficult to breathe as your throat will swell. An immunologist can diagnose and identify if you have a latex allergy. They can also identify if you’re at risk of developing one. You can prevent allergic reactions and serious consequences by understanding more about this condition. This article will help you understand more about latex allergy.
When your body comes in contact with latex, you may experience an allergic reaction at the region of contact. You can call this rash or dermatitis. Here are some of the symptoms of latex allergy so that you can identify this health condition:
These are temporary reactions and will go away naturally over time. The proteins in latex also become airborne. When this happens, the person allergic to it inhales and develops a severe condition. Symptoms of this condition are:
Your body considers latex as a threat to the body and triggers immune cells or antibodies to fight. When you face latex exposure again, antibodies signal the immune system that something is not right. Your body’s immune system releases chemicals, including histamine, which results in various symptoms. The symptoms grow worse if you are continuously in contact with latex. This condition is called sensitization. Latex will affect your body in different ways, depending on the condition. Below you will find those ways:
This is the common reason to develop latex allergy. When you touch the latex material, you start reacting to the protein components. The items include balloons, condoms, and latex gloves.
All latex products, especially gloves, release airborne particles. When you inhale those protein particles, your immune system starts reacting, causing an allergic reaction. The quantity of airborne particles differs from one brand to another.
Manufacturers develop various latex products from man-made latex or synthetic latex, such as latex paint, which is mostly non-allergic.
Whether you develop any symptoms of an allergic reaction or not, your blood or skin tests will indicate if you are suffering from latex allergy. An immunologist will diagnose you by asking about any symptoms and conducting tests. Symptoms of an allergic reaction include trouble breathing, irritation, teary eyes, hives, skin rashes, and itching upon contact with latex or other rubber products. They will also perform various skin tests to check if you really have a latex allergy.
Unfortunately, there is no treatment for this allergic condition. When you have a latex allergy, the only way to avoid any reaction is by preventing contact with the material. If you experience serious skin irritation, you can take corticosteroid medicines or antihistamines. However, if your condition is severe, you can control the reaction through IV fluids, epinephrine, and consulting a medical professional such as an immunologist. Some immunologists also recommend carrying epinephrine shots in case of an emergency. Other than that, you should carry around a card or a tag that informs passersby about your latex allergy.
When you make an appointment with an immunologist or doctor, you need to inform them about your latex allergy. This way, your physician or dentist will avoid using any instrument that contains latex, such as gloves, etc. If your health condition requires that you stay in the hospital, they will keep you in a separate room without any product containing latex.
Some fruits and vegetables contain proteins similar to those of latex. That can also trigger Latex allergy when you touch, smell, or eat that food. Some of these foods include wheat, tomato, potato, pineapple, hazelnut, kiwi, grape, cherry, banana, avocado, and many more.
Sometimes, latex allergy triggers anaphylaxis, which can be life-threatening. In this condition, your esophagus swells, and you will experience difficulty in breathing. While experiencing an allergic reaction, you should immediately visit an immunologist as they are experts in handling and treating conditions related to the immune system.
You can contact our offices to make an appointment with a professional immunologist. We also provide telemedicine so that you can avail of treatment through online live video chat and consult with Dr. Boyan Hadjiev instantly or call us at 212-319-5282.
What are the causes of hives? People suffering from the Hives or Urticaria will feel their skin swell and turn red. You may also feel itchy when your body reacts to allergens without any reason. Allergens are harmless, but our bodies consider them to be threats. This abnormality is still unknown, and there is no cure for allergic reactions other than prevention. When you experience hives, you will feel a burning sensation. Hives can appear throughout your body. These are simply a rash that develops due to an allergic reaction.
Whenever you react to a substance that you are allergic to, you will start experiencing various symptoms, which is the body’s way to indicate that something is wrong. These symptoms are severe itching, stress, change in temperature, painful swelling inside the throat, eyelids, and lips, etc. This condition can be acute or chronic. In a chronic condition, the symptoms become autonomous. However, researchers and immunologists are not yet aware of the real reason for this.
When your body considers a harmless substance a threat and signals the body about the threat, it overreacts. Allergens are normal substances such as pollen, latex, some fruits and vegetables. When that substance enters your body, it will signal the antibodies (also known as lysosomes, immune cells, and T-cells).
These cells signal the immune system about the intruder. After that, the body releases histamine and various other chemicals. Due to the secretion of histamine, the inside layer of the skin starts to inflame, and fluid accumulates for protection. Below you can find some of the causes and triggers of the hives.
There are various types of medication that many immune systems do not accept and treat as a harmful substance. This can trigger an allergic reaction, for instance, ACE inhibitors (for high blood pressure), aspirin (and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAID), and some antibiotics.
This is another common cause of hives that triggers the immune system of the body to react—a lot of food items included in this list. However, the items differ among people. For instance, some are allergic to peanut butter, and some react to strawberries. Here are some of the examples of food items that commonly trigger hives:
Various infections, such as bacterial or viral, can also trigger hives and cause allergic reactions within the body. Some examples of health conditions that trigger hives include the common cold, influenza, hepatitis B, glandular fever, strep throat, and urinary tract infections, etc.
Sometimes when your body temperature suddenly changes, your immune system considers this as a threat and starts reacting. This will trigger the symptoms of hives.
Many people are prone to the dander of animals, such as horses, cats, and dogs. When they come in contact with these animals, they start sneezing, triggering other symptoms.
Latex is a material that comes from the rubber tree contains protein. This protein is synthetic, and when you inhale or even touch the material for so long, your body starts to react to those protein particles.
This is another common allergen that the body does not accept. You might have noticed that many people start sneezing when they are in the garden with flowers. Even though pollen is harmless to the body, the immune system treats it as a threat.
When insect bites or sting the surface of the skin, it starts to turn red, itchy and painful for a long time.
Some plants can also trigger an allergic reaction and develop hives. For instance, oil from leaves of the oak, ivy, and nettle tree can cause a reaction.
Below you will find more causes of hives:
It is hard to find the main reason for the reaction. That is why an immunologist will help you in understanding the main cause and finding the best solution to avoid that allergen. If you are looking for an immunologist, you can contact us at 212-319-5282. Dr. Boyan Hadjiev will consult you about your condition and will provide you complete assistance.
Dr. Boyan Hadjiev is a top NYC immunologist who is an expert in identifying and treating diseases related to the immune system. Contact Dr. Hadjiev with a telemedicine live video call session or in person office appointment.
For more information visit our website: https://DrSneeze.com/
If you’re suffering from a stuffy nose and are finding it difficult to breathe properly, you’re probably suffering from chronic sinusitis. In chronic sinusitis, your sinuses suffer from excessive inflammation and swelling. There are many causes and treatments for chronic sinusitis. If you’re suffering from chronic sinusitis and want to learn about how you can treat it, you should definitely read this article further on. This way, you can also educate and help others around you who might be suffering from chronic sinusitis.
Mentioned below are the reasons that contribute to the build-up of chronic sinusitis:
Polypus is a tear drop-like growth in the passage of your sinuses that contributes to the inflammation in the nose and nearby areas.
If you develop an allergic reaction to an irritant or contaminant, your nose develops a blockage, which leads to inflammation. Hence, allergies could also be a partial reason for chronic sinusitis.
If the wall between your nose is crooked, there could be a high chance of blockage in your sinus system, making it harder for you to breathe, which causes further inflammation. This wall is known as the septum.
Infections such as flu and fever most often cause more bacteria to grow in your nose, allowing further inflammation. The inflammation blocks the drainage of mucus, making room for more bacteria.
Other medical conditions can also trigger chronic sinusitis. These conditions include immune system diseases, cystic fibrosis, and HIV.
There are many different symptoms that you start to develop if you are experiencing chronic sinusitis. These symptoms include:
As you can see, you may experience many symptoms during chronic sinusitis. However, the most common symptoms are inflammation and breathing issues.
Nasal steroids come in sprays. These sprays help to subside the inflammation in your nostrils. You can mix the steroid with a saline solution for a better effect, but only if your doctor recommends you to do it. Examples of available nasal sprays are mometasone, budesonide, fluticasone, and triamcinolone.
You can use these steroids if your sinusitis worsens, and inflammation persists. These are best for nasal polyps but you may experience some side effects, especially if you use it for a longer period of time.
You receive this treatment only if you develop chronic sinusitis due to heavy aspirin intake. During this treatment, you take heavy doses of aspirin in order to increase your tolerance. This procedure takes place under medical supervision.
You can clean your nasal passages to reduce and cleanse drainage while relieving any allergies. You can use solutions or nasal sprays to carry out the nasal irrigation.
Opt for immunotherapy if your allergies are contributing to chronic sinusitis, and it keeps worsening. Immunotherapy is commonly known as allergy shots.
Your doctor may prescribe you an antibiotic if other treatments are not working. This is especially if you have a bacterial infection.
If your sinus doesn’t heal through medication or other treatments, you may have to go for endoscopic sinus surgery. In this surgery, the doctor removes the tissue or polyp that is blocking your nasal passages.
If you’re suffering from extreme chronic sinusitis and need professional help, you can seek medical assistance from New York’s best allergist, Dr. Boyan Hadjiev. To book an appointment, just visit DrSneeze.com or call us at 212-319-5282.
Are you looking for the best allergist in NYC? Allergies are a disaster and can sometimes get really out of hand by affecting your body’s internal systems. Hence, it is always best to visit a professional allergist who can help you out with your allergies by providing you with a thorough medical procedure or prescribing proper medication.
New York City is constantly busy and bustling. Here, you will find some of the top highly-qualified allergist specialists. But it is not easy choosing the right one, especially when you have so many allergists around you. Mentioned below is a guide that will help you navigate through the process of choosing the best allergist. This will ensure that whoever you choose will cater to all your allergies in a very professional and efficient manner.
Mentioned below are a few characteristics you should look for in every allergist.
Any type of doctor you go to should always have the experience, no matter a dentist, pediatrician or an allergist. The more experienced the doctor is, the more effective the treatment will be. Your allergist should know when and how to carry out a test and should be an expert at reading results. It is very important for an allergist to have technical experience, because without it, they may misdiagnose your allergy .
Your allergist should be sympathetic towards you so that he doesn’t only treat you like a patient but he looks beyond and tries their level best to give you the right treatment and also goes out of their way. It is very important for your doctor to have sympathy, as this trait can lead to a very effective treatment.
An allergist should be completely invested in knowing every detail about your allergy. He should first listen to what you have to say and then diagnose and should be very considerate when it comes to talking about some personal issues that could be due to the allergy. Their office should call you for different visits. This shows that they are eager to track your recovery and check up for anything that may not be going the right way.
The first thing you should do when you find a potential allergist is to look them up online. Go to their website and find out the qualification of the allergist. You can also go through online reviews that will tell you how good or bad the allergist is when it comes to giving the right treatment to patients. Doing your homework can also help you check how expensive or cheap the allergist is. Remember not to go for an allergist who charges too low a fee as they might not use the right high-quality instruments during treatment.
Ask your close family, friends, patients, and other health care professionals to refer highly experienced allergists or ask them about the ones you have already shortlisted. Referrals give you a clearer insight into the allergist’s experience.
It is important to know about the staff and the inside workings of the clinic before you book an appointment. Also, pay attention to the location; see if it’s located in a commercial or safe area as going to the outskirts of town won’t be a very reasonable thing.
Some allergists are very expensive. Hence, you should choose an allergist who takes your insurance plan into consideration; it might get extremely expensive for you to pay from your pocket.
Dr. Sneeze is a well-known allergy center that holds New York’s top allergist Dr. Boyan Hadjiev. Dr. Hadjiev is a very knowledgeable and well-trained allergy specialist who has been a practicing physician for over 10 years. To date, he and his clinic have been providing high-end medical services to thousands of patients. Dr. Hadjiev is known to cater to his patients needs individually and has an extremely pleasant bedside manner.
If you want to diagnose or treat your allergies, schedule an in-person or online appointment with Dr. Hadjiev today.
Boyan Hadjiev, MD
30 East 40th Street
New York, NY 10016
Allergies are common to the residents of America; these are the 6th main cause of chronic illness in the country. If you are suffering from any allergy, know that you are not the only one as 50 million Americans are affected by allergies every year.
Sometimes allergies can be simple to handle but can become severe in some cases. In such cases, don’t waste time and see an allergist immediately. For diagnosis and treatment of an allergy, you have to make the best choice as it’s about your health.
Here is all you need to know to choose the right allergist.
Allergies can be life-threatening and you deserve the best physician to help you with your allergies. We cannot afford to go to any random doctor, be sure if he has all the credentials on his portfolio.
A four-year premedical degree is a basic requirement for any medical field. After graduation, an immunologist needs to enroll in a medical school for another four years. These years of hardship and dedication earns him a degree of Doctor of Medicine (MD) or doctor of Osteopathy (DO).
Becoming an allergist is not a piece of cake. The journey does not end here.
When you are scheduling an appointment with an allergist, be sure he has undergone special training. After earning a post-graduate degree from medical school, a doctor needs to complete a three years intensive training program in internal medicine or pediatrics. If he passes the exam –either from the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) or the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) –only then he qualifies for the next training.
A pediatrician who wants to have expertise in the field of allergy/immunology then enrolls himself in a two-year allergy training program called a fellowship.
The last thing you need to check is the certification. Your immunologist must have cleared the board-certification exam by the American Board of Allergy and Immunology (ABAI).
If your allergist meets all these requirements, he is a board-certified allergist now, and you are good to go.
Academics do matter when it comes to search for the best doctor. But, some personal qualities are equally significant. A good doctor reduces half the pressure a patient goes through.
Looking at the credentials helps little to know if your doctor is compassionate or not. However, you will find this on the first visit only. We expect our doctors to be a cooperative and good listener as we confidante in them. We trust them with all our medical problems and difficulties. An immunologist must be friendly in manners as he needs to have an insight into your allergenic record.
Sometimes we may mistake the symptoms of a regular disease to an allergy. Your allergist must have a detailed history of your allergies –symptoms, family history, home environment –everything. An allergist must have the ability to think critically. He must know to comprehend the results of our allergy tests to suggest the best medication.
Now you know that your allergist must not only be trained and board-certified, but that he/she must also possess good communication skills. It can be a huge mistake on your part to pick an allergist without knowing their credentials.
A Sinus infection is a common health problem around the world. Many people who fall victim to it have allergies, structural blockages in the nose or sinuses, asthma, or just a weak immune system.
Sinus is a cavity in any tissue or organ of the human body. Sinus terminology is also referred to as an abnormal cavity caused by the destruction of tissues. Commonly, the word sinus refers to the paranasal sinuses. It is the air cavity in the cranial bones, especially bones near the nose.
A sinus infection occurs when the membrane linings in the sinus cavities suffer from inflammation or infection. If not treated, it can get severe and eventually affect the lungs.
More than 30 million people are diagnosed with a sinus infection each year in the United States. A sinus infection usually occurs from early fall to early spring. Rhinosinusitis affects 35 million individuals per year in the United States 14% of whom are adults.
The signs of a sinus infection are as follows:
An allergen, virus, and bacteria can be the cause of sinus. There are various types of sinus infection.
Viral infection can lead to infection, called viral sinusitis. It affects the membrane lining of your nasal cavity, ear, or nose. It mostly occurs when the upper respiratory got infected.
The symptoms of viral sinusitis are the same as a cold. That includes a sore throat, sneezing, runny nose, coughing, and nasal congestion. Mucus is commonly clear or slightly colored during a sinus infection.
Antibiotics are not effective for viral infection. The best treatment is that you take rest as much as you can and drink more fluids. Use saline nasal sprays and take pain relievers for relief during the treatment process.
Viral sinusitis typically resolves in 7-10 days.
Bacterial sinusitis is a bacterial infection of the paranasal sinuses. Paranasal sinuses are the hollow spaces in the bones of the face and nose. Bacterial sinusitis is when bacteria inflame the mucous membrane lining of the sinuses.
There are four pairs of paranasal sinuses called the maxillary sinuses, ethmoid sinuses, frontal sinuses, and sphenoidal sinuses. Maxillary sinuses usually suffer from bacterial infection.
Symptoms of bacterial infection are thick green or yellow nasal discharge. The nasal passage is swollen, and mucus drips down the back of the throat; this is called post-nasal drip. Some people also feel facial pain and pressure.
During chronic sinusitis, symptoms persist for a long time. Symptoms like nasal congestion and post-nasal drainage are more common. If a person coughs at night or when they wake up, it is a symptom of chronic sinusitis. This means that you have a severe sinus infection.
People who have nasal polyps can get infected by chronic infection. For the treatment, nasal steroid sprays are usually suggested by doctors.
This infection usually occurs in childhood. It is a reaction of inhaling allergens like dust, smoke, and animal dander. If you have a family history of sinuses, you are more likely to suffer from allergic sinusitis. You are more sensitive to allergens and food.
Acute allergic sinusitis can last up to four weeks and chronics last more than eight weeks. Symptoms include nasal congestion, headache, and pain around the cheeks, forehead, and nose and between the eyes. You may also feel itchiness in eyes, nose, and throat. You may face sleeping problems and a reduced sense of taste and smell.
You may have a sinus infection if you are experiencing a headache, pain in the eyes, nose, and throat, or thick mucus. Sinus infection can be very painful and requires instant treatment so that it doesn’t get worse.
If you have symptoms of viral, allergic, bacterial, and chronic sinusitis, call the best NYC Allergist Dr. Sneeze to treat your sinus infection. We are the top specialists in New York to diagnose and treat sinus infections.
Do you have post-nasal drip? Our nose produces about one and a half liter of mucus a day. The glands in our nose and throat produce a normal, slimy, fluid substance. This is mucus.
To some, this may sound gross, but in fact, it plays a very important role for us. Mucus acts as a moisturizing layer moistening the sensitive nasal membrane. It helps fight off infections, trap, and destroys foreign particles like bacteria, dust, smoke and viruses, among many others. Not to mention, it helps filter out foreign matters and prevents bacteria and other particles from building up.
When our body produces more mucus than normal levels, and in different consistency than normal, it becomes thick and more noticeable. Without even realizing it, you swallow excess mucus at least 2 to 3 times each minute. At other times, it simply drips down your throat; this phenomenon is post-nasal drip.
To state it medically, Post-nasal drip is a condition in which a person suffers from mucus buildup and feels mucus constantly running down their throat from their nose. It is such a common condition that no one can claim to have never had it. Everyone gets a post-nasal drip at some point in their lives.
Here are the most common causes for post-nasal drip:
It can also happen as a side effect of certain prescription medications like blood pressure and birth control medicines. Sometimes, it is not the excessive mucus build-up that causes post-nasal drip but the inability of your throat to clear it.
Even though post-nasal drip is not a serious condition in itself, it could be a symptom of something else. That is why, if any one of the causes sounded familiar to you, you should consider booking an appointment with an otolaryngologist. Try to find out the root cause of your condition and educate yourself with its triggers in your case. This will aid you in taking precautionary steps and preventing yourself from letting it happen again.
If you are not sure about the cause but still suspect post nasal drip to be your condition, review the most common symptoms to be sure.
Serious condition or not, it’s an irritating and very uncomfortable condition nonetheless. The good news is that post-nasal drip is treatable both in natural and medical ways. People who have a firm belief in home remedies usually opt for natural treatment while people who want quick results prefer medical treatments.
Inhaling steam can work wonders on your mucus membranes. You can do this by putting a towel over your head as you hover over a bowl of boiling water. You can also inhale the steam as you are enjoying a hot or warm cup of any drink like tea or even chicken soup.
This is probably the most crucial one. Keeping yourself hydrated works not only for post nasal drip but also for your overall body fluid balance. This helps in diluting or thinning out the mucus, making it easier to swallow.
Alcohol causes dehydration and infection. Smoking, on the other hand, can badly irritate your nasal mucosa lining, leading to excess mucus production and intense coughing.
Sleeping with your pillow slightly elevated can also help prevent mucus collection and promote proper drainage.
Gargling salt water can help in diluting thick mucus that is collected at the back of the throat and helps in killing the irritants that cause this.
If your symptoms continue even after 10 days of home treatment or if you are noticing unusually strong symptoms like mucus with a strong odor, wheezing, or a fever, it’s time to visit a doctor and get medicinal help. Your body may be hinting towards bacterial infection.
However annoying it may be, Postnasal drip is a benign condition and can be treated easily. But, if it’s accompanied by additional symptoms, an appointment to an allergy specialist may be due.
If you are concerned about a post nasal drip and/or additional symptoms, call today:
Boyan Hadjiev, MD
30 East 40th Street
New York, NY 10016
Occupational asthma occurs when you are exposed to chemicals, dust, gases, and other substances in the workplace. It is also called work-related asthma. It is the most common disease in the US. It affects 15% of asthma adult patients in the United States.
They feel difficulty in breathing and feel tightness in the chest. Symptoms can emerge at the time of exposure to chemicals or even after the months. It can reduce your productivity and disturbs your daily life.
If occupational asthma is not treated on time, it can continue and worsen. The best way to treat occupational asthma is to change the environment that is causing asthma. This way, you can avoid substances or irritants that trigger them.
People who have allergies or a family history of allergies are more likely to suffer from asthma. If this type of asthma is not properly treated, it can cause permanent lung damage, disability, or even death.
Occupational asthma occurs due to swelling in the lungs air passage. When you suffer from an asthma attack, the muscles around the air passage become tight, and the lining of the airways start swelling. Hence, air passages become narrower and prevent air from passing through it, causing difficulty in breathing and tightness in the chest.
People who have genetically sensitive air passages are more likely to suffer from asthma. They can suffer from an asthma attack by inhaling substances called triggers.
Occupational asthma occurs because of the triggers present in the workplace environment . Wood dust, animal dander, chemicals, fungi, and grain dust are common triggers that can cause asthma.
People working in the following places have high chances of getting affected by triggers.
You may notice that you feel better at home and start to feel sick at work. This is because you are sensitive to the workplace environment. Your symptoms can get worse if you don’t treat the root cause.
Occupational asthma has the following signs:
You can see the above symptoms vary when you are at work or somewhere else. A severe type of occupational asthma is called reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS). This asthma occurs when the patient is exposed to various concentrated chemicals at a single time. Patients suffering from this type of asthma feel chest tightness and shortness of breath. They need medical attention within 24 hours. But even after they recover, they will remain sensitive to chemicals and irritants.
It’s common for medical professionals to misdiagnose people with severe asthma as having bronchitis . Early diagnosis and treatment of asthma are important. Otherwise, you may experience permanent changes in your lungs.
An allergist is the best physician to diagnose you if you are suffering from asthma or allergy. They will give you a proper treatment plan to reduce your symptoms.
Treatment of occupational asthma includes avoiding exposure to substances that trigger an asthma attack. Patients should avoid inhaling gases like nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, or chlorine.
Occupational asthma treatments also include:
The ultimate treatment plan depends on your age, symptoms, and frequency of asthma attacks. After completing the treatment plan, make sure to work in an area where you can’t face exposure to chemicals.
Occupational asthma occurs because of the irritants present in the workplace environment. Irritants can include toxic gasses, dust, chemicals, or animal dander. People who are sensitive or have allergies can suffer from occupational asthma. You can prevent the onset of asthma by avoiding exposure to irritants.
If you are experiencing any of the signs mentioned above, you need to see a doctor. NYC doctor Boyan Hadjiev is a highly skilled allergist who can formulate a treatment plan and help you prevent asthma attacks.
Have you ever felt like you can no longer breathe, and your nose is just going to explode? Well, that feeling is due to the teardrop-sized growth in our nasal passages known as Nasal Polyps. Nasal Polyps are a type of growth that usually occur in the lining of our sinuses or nasal. They often lead the way to different allergies, sensitivity, asthma and immune disorders. If you want to learn more about these nasal growths and the different ways to treat them, then you should definitely continue reading this article.
There is no one single cause of Nasal Polyps, the real cause is unknown, but certain factors can lead to you experiencing nasal polyps. As we already know, Nasal polypus occurs in our nasal passages.
A few of the main factors that lead to nasal polyps are:
Many of us experience different allergic reactions that could be due to a certain food or the environment. Most of these allergies lead to excessive sneezing, itching, and irritation in the nose that leads to inflammation. The symptoms of allergies can be a reason for Nasal polypus but this cause is still a controversial debate.
Infections such as sinus, acute infections, chronic infections, asthma and cystic fibrosis may also lead to nasal polyps as these infections cause excessive irritation and dryness in the nose that usually triggers their growth.
People who are often above 40 are prone to develop cystic fibrosis, which may lead to the growth of polypus. Many researchers have concluded that men are more prone than women to develop Nasal polyps.
It’s likely that nasal polypus is hereditary. Scientists link nasal polypus to genetics because of the way genes cause the mucosa to react to inflammation.
Mentioned below are the symptoms that occur during Nasal polyps:
The most common symptoms of Polyps is a runny/blocked nose and sneezing. However, other symptoms are also equally experienced depending on person to person.
Nasal polyps also causes your asthma to aggregate and worsen your sinus, which may sometimes lead to a change in the structure of your nose due to the constant rubbing and itching.
Different kinds of medication can relieve the inflammation built in your nose and help with your runny nose. One of the best medicines for nasal polyps is a nasal steroid. They work by instantly relieving any uneasiness or irritation in the nose. There are different types of nasal steroids that you can use.
If these nasal sprays don’t work due to excessive symptoms, you can take an injectable or oral steroid.
You can also take antibiotics to treat your sinus and inflammation.
If you feel like your symptoms are getting worse despite taking medication, you should consider going to the doctor. The doctor may carry out a surgical procedure known as a Polypectomy. The doctor will only consider surgery depending on the size of your nasal polyps. The surgery involves removing the soft tissues like the mucosa with a microbender or a small suction device.
If your polyps are too large, the doctor will carry out a different procedure called endoscopic sinus, which involves using a thin endoscope with a few tools and a tiny camera. The procedure involves enlarging the opening of your sinus cavities and then removing the polypus.
Mentioned below are a few ways you can prevent the return of Polyps:
If you are experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned above and feel like your polyps is worsening, contact Doctor Sneeze. Visit our website and book your appointment right away! Our experts are skilled at reducing uneasiness and irritation due to nasal polyps with proven effective treatments.
Sinusitis is also known as rhinosinusitis (RS). It is the inflammation of the lining membrane in the sinuses. Infection, allergies, and air pollution can cause sinusitis. It occurs because of the blockage of airflow in the sinuses due to contaminants like pollen and dust.
It is a common disease globally and sometimes needs to be treated as early as possible. In 2018, 28.9 million adults in the US show symptoms of sinusitis that is 11.6%.
Acute sinusitis is most common in people. In this type of sinusitis, the person suffers from short term inflammation in the membranes. It doesn’t last longer than four weeks. It occurs because of viral infections.
This takes more time than acute sinusitis to heal. It usually caused by viral and bacterial infections. This can be completely cured with proper treatment. Symptoms last from four to twelve weeks.
This is the most painful and severe form of sinusitis and needs immediate treatment. It may even require surgery. It can last longer than three months. It occurs because of the swelling in the nose. You will experience difficulty in breathing. Sometimes, doctors suggest surgeries for chronic sinusitis.
It is the most common symptom. You have various sinuses near your eyes and nose. Swelling and inflammation in your sinus lead to pain and pressure in the nose. You may also feel pain on your upper jaw, teeth, and forehead.
You feel the need for nasal discharge very often because the infection in your sinuses results in discharge from your nasal passages. Your mucus will look green or yellow and cloudy during the infection.
You will also feel sore throat and itchiness. It causes you to cough at night and once you wake up. Your voice also changes and sounds hoarse.
Sinusitis-induced headaches can be very painful. It occurs because of the swelling and pressure in the sinuses.
Sinus headaches are the worst headaches. You will feel more pain in the morning because mucus collects throughout the night that leads to pain. Your headaches also increase when your environment conges suddenly because of the biometric pressure.
Sinusitis also causes pain in the ear, jaws, cheeks, and around the teeth.
You may also feel difficulty in breathing because of inflamed sinuses. Sinus blocks the air passage. You may also face a problem in smell or taste. Your voice also changes due to the infection.
Sinus discharged drains down in the throat, which causes irritation in your throat. This irritation remains for a longer time. You cough worsens and gets more painful at night. You may face difficulty in sleeping. Sleep upright to reduce the cough and itchiness in the throat.
Sinusitis leads to a sore throat. A hoarse voice is also the symptom. Your voice becomes stuffy. You also feel difficulty in talking because of a sore throat.
Acute sinusitis mostly resolves without the need for treatments. Nonetheless, sinusitis is uncomfortable, which is why people use home remedies and over-the-counter (OTC) medications. They commonly use nasal decongestant spray.
You can also use steroid nasal spray, which is safer for longer periods of use. Use medication that contains decongestants and antihistamines. They will help relieve a sinus infection.
Herbal treatments are also helpful. Some medicines available in the market contain essential oils and sinupret. They can also help alleviate symptoms
Chronic sinusitis can occur because of allergies. Since prevention is better than cure, avoiding allergens as pollen or dust prevents you from developing an infection in the first place. You can also use chronic sprays but consult your doctor before using it. Antibiotics don’t resolve chronic sinusitis since it is not a bacterial infection.
Surgery of the sinus is necessary if there are polyps in the sinus. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is a common treatment. If you’re suffering from other complications, other surgeries can also resolve issues. Septoplasty is recommended to treat a deviated septum. Surgeries should always be the last option for treating chronic sinusitis.
Sinus is a painful medical condition. You feel pain in the head, nose, ears, and even around the teeth. It is important to diagnose and treat it properly. Acute and subacute sinuses are not as harmful as chronic and often cured without treatment. However, chronic is much more painful and harmful if it is the result of a deviated septum.
NYC Allergist Boyan Hadjiev offers the best sinusitis treatments. We will suggest the best treatment for your type of sinusitis, and will prescribe medication where necessary or advise natural remedies.
Book an allergy telemedicine appointment today!
Boyan Hadjiev, MD
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